Geography

At St Mary's we believe that Geography is a subject that is packed with excitement and wonder. It helps children gain a better understanding of our world’s people, places and environments, and the interactions between them.

Our curriculum is designed with the clear aim of developing all children into explorers   We want the children to understand how and why places are changing, to explore the possibilities of what the world has in store for them and identify the social responsibility we have to protect our environment. 

Geography Curriculum

Please find attached the link to our long term skills progression for Geography;

St Mary's skills progression Year 1-6

EYFS

We teach Geography in Nursery and Reception as an integral part of the topic work covered during the year.  Geography makes a significant contribution to the ELG ‘Understanding of The World’ through activities such as going on walks around the local environment, locating and studying different countries around the world and hosting themed days linked to countries and current events around the world.

The children are also given chance to discuss their own exciting geography discoveries, whether that be a holiday or somewhere they’ve seen in a book.

 Key Stage 1

Pupils should be taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • name and locate the world’s 7 continents and 5 oceans
  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use simple compass directions (north, south, east and west) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far, left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environmen

 

Key Stage 2

 

Pupils should be taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region in North or South America

Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:
    • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
    • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • use the 8 points of a compass, 4- and 6-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Early Years Foundation Stage

Below are a few examples of he Geography opportunities the children have experienced in EYFS.

   

Key Stage 1

The children in Year 1 enjoyed a WOW day to begin their topic Splendid Skies. Below is a video of some of the activities and Geography skills they applied they during the day.

The children in Year 2 have been applying their map reading skills to identify the seven continents and have also created their own maps using keys and symbols.

  Key Stage 2

The children in Year 3 have enjoyed applying their fieldwork skills to investigate the grounds around the school.

The children in Year 4 have applied their map reading skills to identify different cities in the UK and made comparisons between their locality now and in the past.

 Useful Websites

 If you'd like to continue your Geography skills at home, below are a list of useful websites;

https://www.wwf.org.uk/

https://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/mapzone/

https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/games/

CBBC Go Jetters

BBC Bitesize KS1

BBC Bitesize KS2